In everyday language, people produce all sorts of non-sentential utterances while still communicating propositional content and having illocutionary force: We can order (the surely classic) decaffeinated cappuccino by simply uttering “A decaf cappuccino, please”. We can pay someone a compliment by emphatically uttering “Fantastic!”. And a headline like “Merkel at the White House” tells us about an upcoming meeting of Merkel with Obama in the States. The use of some of these ‘fragments’ seems to be restricted to specific situations and to rely more on structural knowledge. Others less so (like in the compliment scenario). Some fragments are also restricted to certain genres (as in the Merkel example), others are not.
This twoday workshop, hosted by project B3 of the SFB 1102 “Information Density and Linguistic Encoding” and taking place on 13-14 October 2016 at Saarland University, aims at bringing together people working on the syntax, semantics, pragmatics and psycholinguistics of fragments / non-sentential utterances.
Peter Culicover (Ohio State University)
Jason Merchant (University of Chicago)
Ingo Reich, Eva Horch, Robin Lemke
(Project B3 “Information Density and Fragments in German”, SFB 1102)